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How to read crochet diagram / chart?

Updated: Nov 3, 2020

Hello Everyone!

Today we are gonna learn how to read crochet diagrams / charts 💹. Crochet Diagrams are very simple and they are more easy to understand than written patterns. Crochet diagrams will give a complete idea of your project shape before starting one project

Crochet diagram is nothing but a symbolic representation of a stitch or group of stitch. Before diving deep into crochet diagrams, Let's talk about crochet symbols. Craft Yarn Council of America made a standard form of symbols for each stitch. Each symbol is connected together and formed into a crochet diagram.

Recommended crochet supplies:

Crochet diagram pros:

  • Easy to understand than the written format.

  • Gives a complete idea about your project shape, before working on it.

  • No language required. If a pattern is published in a language which we don't know, Then how to follow that? Crochet diagrams have no limitations like that. It's universal and anyone can understand that.

  • It avoids confusion between the UK and the US terms.

  • Some patterns will have both written and chart form. It's like a bonus for us for easy understanding.

Crochet diagram cons:

  • You have to count each and every stitch. It will be so hard if you are working on a complex project.

  • It's difficult to keep track of the row count, if you are not marking it using a pen or highlighter.

Crochet Symbols:

Crochet has lots of different stitches. And obviously lots of crochet symbols.

Here I'm not going to show crochet symbols in this blog.

You can check out Craft Yarn Council website for standardized crochet symbols

( ). I don't want to bore you by duplicating the same contents here😜.

If you are a beginner and want to try patterns which are in diagrammatic form:

You can first learn basic symbols like chain, single crochet, double crochet, half double crochet, treble crochet, front post, back post, front loop, back loop & slip stitch. It's enough to follow simple crochet diagrams.

There are lots of crochet diagrams than this. Like puff, popcorn, shell, crab, etc. Every stitch in crochet has symbolic representation. BTW, these are the combinations of basic symbols which I have mentioned before 🔺

For Left handed crocheters: Just reflect the diagram and you are good to go.

How to follow a diagram?

  • Always take a look at the entire chart📃📜. Make sure you know all the symbols mentioned in that.

  • If you don't know any symbols, you can refer to the stitch keys which you can find anywhere near your diagram. Or simply search🔎 in google💻.

  • Always start from the starting point which is indicated by one arrow ➡. If you are working on a granny square or circle, your starting arrow will be in center ❄☸.

  • You can also find row numbers in the starting point of every row and it will be indicated in numbers (0, 1, 2, ...) By this you can keep track of your working rows.

  • If you are using hard copy, feel free to mark completed rows using pen or highlighter 🖊🖍. Also you can do this on your phone, if you have a pen tool in it.

  • Some charts might have blank space in some areas where only the starting and ending of the row is represented. For that empty space, just repeat the same stitches which are mentioned at the row starting.

I hope this will give you some idea on how to read crochet diagrams. Comment me if you have any doubt.


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